6 Common Teeth Problems

Common tooth problems are frequently avoidable. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, eating a healthy diet, and having regular dental check-ups are all necessary to maintain good oral health and avoid problems such as:

  • Erosion

  • Sensitivity

  • Infections of the gum, tooth, or root

  • Crooked teeth

  • Tooth decay

Knowing what are common dental problems and their causes can also help you avoid difficulties.

Here are six common dental problems:

1. Tooth Decay

Cavities are the most common health problem in the United States. It is especially prevalent among people who do not have regular access to health care.

Plaque combines with the sugars and/or starches in the food you eat to cause tooth decay. The reaction generates acids that attack tooth enamel.

Cavities can occur at any age; they are not limited to children. They can be caused by aging and normal enamel erosion. Dry mouth can also be caused by age, illness, or medications.

Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and having regular dental check-ups are the best ways to prevent tooth decay. Eat healthy foods and avoid high-sugar snacks and beverages.

Inquire with your dentist about additional ways to keep your teeth healthy.

2. Mouth Sores

Mouth sores of various types can be aggravating. Unless they last longer than two weeks, they are usually nothing to be concerned about.

Common mouth sores include:

  • Canker sores (aphthous ulcers): These happen inside the mouth, not on the lips. They are not contagious and can be caused by a variety of factors.

  • Fever blisters/cold sores: They are caused by the Herpes simplex virus and appear on the outside of the lips. They spread like wildfire. They appear and disappear but cannot be cured.

  • Thrush (oral candidiasis): Yeast infection sores in the mouth may develop in infants, denture wearers, diabetics, and cancer patients.

3. Gum (Periodontal) Disease

Gum disease is an infection of the gums that surround the teeth. It is also a significant cause of adult tooth loss. Some research suggests a link between gum disease and heart problems.

Gum disease can affect anyone. However, it is most common after the age of 30. Along with health conditions such as diabetes and dry mouth, smoking is a significant risk factor.

The symptoms include:

  • Pain when chewing

  • Red, swollen, tender, or bleeding gums

  • Sensitive teeth

  • Bad breath

Gingivitis is the medical term for gum disease. Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease. They can be avoided with regular dental checkups, brushing, and flossing.

If you notice any signs of gum disease, consult your dentist. Treatment can help to avoid problems like tooth loss.

4. Unattractive Smile

A bad smile isn't technically a "dental problem." However, it is a major reason why some people visit the dentist.

Not liking your smile can hurt your self-esteem. Fortunately, with today's tools and techniques, it's frequently repairable.

Cosmetic changes may include:

  • Teeth whitening

  • Dental implants

  • Orthodontics (e.g., braces, retainers)

  • Other cosmetic dental work

5. Toothaches and Dental Emergencies

Dental emergencies can be both painful and frightening. They, like any other emergency, necessitate immediate treatment.

Common issues that necessitate an urgent visit to the dentist include:

  • A broken or cracked tooth

  • An abscessed tooth

  • Losing a tooth knocked in an accident

If you have any of these concerns, contact your dentist right away. They should have someone on call to handle emergencies even on weekends and evenings.

Get Urgent Medical Attention For:

  • Severe cuts to your tongue, lips, or mouth

  • Facial swelling

  • A tooth abscess that causes difficulty swallowing

  • A broken or dislocated jaw

6. Root Infection

Long-lasting, throbbing tooth pain indicates an infection in the tooth's root. This type of infection occurs when tooth decay or damage is not properly treated. Bacteria infiltrate and weaken the root of a tooth, which is located beneath the crown. It acts as a tooth anchor and extends to the jaw bone.

If you develop a root infection, you will require root canal therapy. The bacteria in the canal are removed during this type of medical treatment, and the tooth is then sealed with a crown or filling.

Root canal therapy can result in either partial or complete healing of the tissue surrounding the tooth. According to research, an average of 76.7% of cases are completely healed. A successful root canal will relieve pain and sensitivity, allowing you to eat more healthily, practice regular oral hygiene, and avoid further infections.

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